Literature Review.


Literature Review, Brief Summary.



Adolescents often feel stress due to academic, family, peer or social pressures (Christopher, 2013). They may face a host of novel problems, challenges and situations that can cause or exacerbate symptoms of stress (Miller, n.d.).  For the adolescents who took part in a study done in Baltimore in 2006, the five most frequently experienced sources of stress in their lives are school work (78%), parents (68%), romantic relationships (64%), friends’ problems (64%), and younger siblings (64%).  In addition, the five sources of stress that cause the most worry for them are school work (68%), parents (56%), friends’ problems (52%), romantic relationships (48%), and drugs in the neighborhood (48%).

Meanwhile in a study conducted by Beyond Research Social Services in Singapore (2011), the largest proportion of respondents reported that school was a source of stress (55%). Parents
(28%), peer pressure (24%), personal relationships (23%), loneliness (23%) and money (23%) were also highly reported sources of stress. Other responses to sources of stress are school related (study, teachers, homework) at 66% of other responses, and friendship problems (5% or other responses).  Only 3% indicated no stressor.  


It is suggested that the stress originates from a highly-competitive and rigid environment in which grades are priority, a mindset percolated not only by educators but by society as well (Online Post, 2012). In a performative classroom culture, there is constant parental and peer pressure for students to do well.


Stressed adolescents may exhibit signs such as lack of sleep, loss of appetite, feeling less energetic, problems at school, bodily pains, or unusual behavior.  If prolonged or untreated, stressed adolescents may even fall into depression or have suicidal thoughts.  

As such, it is important to gain further insight into how stress can be managed by adolescents.



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